Le necropoli urbane di Pisa tra tarda antichità e basso medioevo. Analisi preliminari
Parole chiave:Pisa, archaeology, necropolises, spatial analysis
This contribution is part of the University of Pisa Research Project (PRA) entitled «Funerary landscapes between ritual and society. New approaches to the study of the necropolises in the ancient world», coordinated by Anna Anguissola. The biennial project is aimed at studying necropolises in different contexts, both spatial and chronological. The study in question aims to investigate the urban necropolises of Pisa from the Iron Age to the Middle Ages, through methods of spatial and social network analysis. It concerns (a) the study of the distribution and typology of burials in urban areas; (b) the ethnic, social, and (where possible) family composition of cemetery areas; (c) the dissemination as open data. This paper focuses on (a) the collection of the data relating to the burials found in the city of Pisa in their complete diachrony; (b) the creation of a relational database and a GIS project; (c) the development of quantitative and spatial analyses. The formalization of the data and their graphic description as elements placed in the space allows to recontextualize at spatial and typological level all the available information concerning each burial (anthropological data, outfit, type of deposition, container, etc.), and to carry out exploratory, quantitative and spatial analyses which allow to shed light on the funeral rites and the demography of Pisa over the centuries.